Michael « Black Mike » B. Kauffman

Early years and education Myer Kauffman was born 4 August 1913 in Newcastle, England. He and his family left Great-Britain for Canada the same year. His family settled down in Vermont, USA, and his mother died when she gave birth when he was 8. His father then decided to leave him in a host family in New York City, with his sister and two brothers. He saw his father only once after that. He was […]

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November 8th, 1942: When the 9th Infantry Division entered War

Context On 8 November 1942, the first American ground troops started the fight against Nazism in the European-Middle Eastern Theater of Operation. A large scale landing is planned to happen on the coasts of North Africa, from the western coast of Morocco to the eastern part of Algeria. This coordinated operation has never been tempted before, on such a large scale. Approximately 2,000 km separate the most distant points, and three task forces are to […]

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The Fifth Platoon: Negro volunteers within E Company, 60th Infantry

The condition of the Afro-American soldiers within the U.S. Army has always been subject to studies, and their effort to join the fight is now well-known. There are some famous units such as 555th Parachute Infantry Battalion (which was never deployed) or the “Red Tails” (332nd Fighter Group) in the USAAF, and on a larger scale, the 92nd Infantry Division in Italy. However, these frontline units were kind of exceptional, since the U.S. Army wasn’t […]

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One day for two heroes in Renouf, Normandy

On 14 June 1944, two men had rendezvous with destiny. One sacrificed himself for his men, while another one captured 85 German soldiers. Their destiny had in common to save numerous lives. These heroes were Staff-Sergeant Paul E. Alexander, and First-Lieutenant Joseph L. Rappazini, both members of the 60th Infantry Regiment. On 10 June 1944, the first elements of the 9th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach (Colonel Flint’s 39th Infantry Regiment) to be attached […]

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